Treatment can be either conservative or active. Active treatments can be divided into surgical and non-surgical treatments. Newer methods including endovenous laser treatment, radiofrequency ablation and foam sclerotherapy appear to work as well as surgery for varices of the greater saphenous vein.


Self-care — such as exercising, losing weight, not wearing tight clothes, elevating your legs, and avoiding long periods of standing or sitting — can ease pain and prevent varicose veins from getting worse.

Compression stockings

Wearing compression stockings all day is often the first approach to try before moving on to other treatments. They steadily squeeze your legs, helping veins and leg muscles move blood more efficiently. The amount of compression varies by type and brand. You can buy compression stockings at most pharmacies and medical supply stores. Prices vary. Prescription-strength stockings also are available.

Treatment Procedures:

There are two procedures for treating varicose veins, one is through surgery a procedure followed from ancient time and the other is non surgical or less invasive also called as no-blade, no-scarp procedures namely:

  • Sclerotherapy
  • Endovenous thermal ablation
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Transilluminated powered phlebectomy

Alternative medicine:

A number of alternative therapies claim to be helpful treatments for chronic venous insufficiency, a condition associated with varicose veins in which leg veins have problems returning blood to the heart. These include:

  • Butcher’s broom
  • Grape (leaves, sap, seed and fruit)
  • Horse chestnut
  • Sweet clover

Have a consult with the doctor before trying any herb or dietary supplement to make sure these products are safe and won’t interfere with any medications.

Complications linked to varicose veins

Any condition in which proper blood flow is undermined has a risk of complications. However, in the majority of cases, varicose veins have no complications.

If complications do occur, they may include:

Bleeding – varicose veins near the skin might bleed if the patient’s skin is cut or bumped. The bleeding may go on for much longer than normal. If this occurs, the patient should lie down, raise their leg and apply pressure directly onto the bleeding area. If the bleeding continues, get medical help.

Thrombophlebitis – blood clots form in the vein of the leg, causing inflammation of the vein. The affected area can feel warm, may look red, and might also be painful. Treatment usually involves wearing compression stockings. For pain, the doctor may prescribe a suitable painkiller.

Chronic venous insufficiency – this is when the skin does not exchange oxygen, nutrients, and waste products with the blood properly because the blood flow is weak. If this occurs over the long-term, it is called chronic venous insufficiency.

People with chronic venous insufficiency may develop varicose eczema, lipodermatosclerosis (hard and tight skin), and venous ulcers. Venous ulcers classically form around ankles and are often preceded by a discolored area. It is important to get medical evaluation for chronic venous insufficiency.

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